Ways of Avoiding form Mosquitoes Bites

Mosquitoes are dangerous creatures in the world. Hundred of million years ago, mosquitoes were spreading malaria. The mosquitoes also transmit other diseases like Nile virus, yellow fever, and dengue fever. There are ample reasons to take every possible measure to avoid mosquitoes bites, besides their terrible, stinging itchiness. The best chance against these tiny killers is to avoid being bitten, finding ways to repel them, and using methods to kill them.

Ways of avoiding mosquitoes bites:-

Preventing mosquitoes from biting you

  1. Apply mosquitoes repellent – A variety of insect repellents are available for sale at camping or sporting goods stores. Apply insect repellant to the uncoverd skin surface when you are going outdoors, especially during the day. When using sunscreen, apply it before insect repellent. Allergy skin testing should be done before this.
  2. Consider the all-natural solutions – Experiment with a non-chemical solution such as Citronella (natural plant oil), neem oil and vitamin B have reported help some people repel from mosquitoes. As with any product, their effectiveness depends on their situation, your own skin chemistry, and the types of mosquitoes you are dealing with them. Allergy skin testing should be done before this.
  3. Wear loose, long sleeves shirt and long pants when you are outdoors – The best ways to save from mosquitoes biting you to cover your skin. You have to wear long sleeves and pants as much as possible to cover when you are going outdoors. You also keep loose clothing as much as possible.
  4. Don’t waste money on an electric bug hanger “Zapper” – These are shown to kill many bugs but these are generally bugs killed as the non-harmful ones and they generate noise trends to be noise obnoxious. Mosquitoes can be killed by dedicated machines that use heat and carbon dioxide to attract mosquitoes and kill them by using nets, containers, or chemicals.
  5. Sleep with a mosquitoes net over your bed – Mosquitoes net has fine holes big enough to allow air to easily pass through, yet small enough to keep the mosquitoes and others biting insects out. Hanging the net over your bed, securing the top of your net to one or more surfaces. Support the net so that tented without hanging down onto you.

Avoid Mosquitoes Habits

  1. Avoid part of the world where mosquitoes are common – Unfortunately, the mosquitoes live in every continent except Antarctica. Generally, they’re most common in warmer seasons, rainy seasons and areas which tend to be close to the equator.
  2. Avoid standing water – Mosquitoes are be attracted to water, especially standing water, lakes, segment cleeks, bogs, marshes, and swaps have mosquitoes havens, especially during hot months. Most species of mosquitoes have laid their eggs in water and have been adapted to lay their eggs in saltwater.
  3. Don’t let water stand near your home – It is easy to unintentionally to create habits for mosquitoes to live and breed in. A kiddy pool left out in summer sun for several days can be soon to become a hotbed for mosquitoes. Get rid of any standing water around your home.
  4. Avoid certainly “mosquitoes” seasons – In the tropics, the difference between seasons is minimal, so mosquitoes can arrive in warmer seasons round-year. In the colder season, spend and new adults do not mature the past in the larval stage.
  5. Avoid getting too hot – This advice is especially important if you are in a hot, humid climate. Mosquitoes are attracted to the warm body, so stay cool is one way to avoid bites. Dark color clothes can absorb more heat of the sunlight, so avoid them. we should also avoid exercise when possible Not only exercise will cause generate heat, it also causes you to breathe heavily. Carbon dioxide, one of these gasses you exhale, can be smelled by mosquitoes for a long distance.

Eliminated Individual Mosquitoes

  1. Grab the mosquitoes out of the air – Unless the practice you this a great deal, it is found to hard to accomplished and air of your moving hand that gives the mosquitos plenty of warming, and can even blow it out of your grasp.
  2. Use a mosquitoes swatter – the swatter is usually made up of metal or plastic, is mounted on the springy wire, dramatically increasing the chance of hitting stationary mosquitoes by increasing the quantity of the moving body of the swat. you can also use your hand in a similar flipping motion.
  3. Use your double-handed clap – By using both hands is effective than one, as the air comes from each hand will blow the mosquitoes in the air in the opposite palm.
  4. Trap the mosquitoes in a cup – The thought of killing a mosquitoes makes you feel guilty, you can try to catch a mosquito alive, then releasing out of your home. Slowly place the cup (which is made up of hard material) over the mosquito and then slide some paper underneath this cup. This gives you the control of the mosquito and provides you the more plastic approach, instead of just killing the mosquito. Carefully hold the paper over the bottom of the cups as you relocate the mosquitoes to the more appropriate habits.

Sanjay Lake – dying lakes of delhi

Sanjay Lake is an artificial lake developed by Delhi Development Authority (DDA)and is located in Trilokpuri in East Delhi, India adjoining Mayur Vihar 2 residential area. Sanjay Lake was developed in the 1970s and opened in 1982. The lake is visited by native birds as well as by migratory birds. Different types of birds can be seen till February end every year. The migrated birds mostly come to the eastern part of the lake, as the water is deeper and the area is free from the human disturbance. It also has a lot of trees.

Its a huge lake ; but isn’t a huge tourist attraction


The lake is bounded by Sanjay Lake Park and this area is surrounded by the colonies of Kayalanpuri and Trilokpuri on the eastern side and Mayur Vihar on the western side. Sanjay Lake is a huge rainwater fed lake. The water supply is also augmented by the water derived from flowing Yamuna. During Floods, it receives water through the Hindon River channel. 


The trans-Yamuna area was a natural area, consisting of land depressions where rainwater was collected, which was also fed by excess from a cut in the Hindon River. Later it was developed by the efforts of the government.

Dying Silently

Nine years have passed Vinod Kumar Jain had taken legal actions to save water bodies of Delhi. At the beginning of this year, the court asked Rakesh Metha, the chief secretary of Delhi and also the head of the monitoring committee for the water bodies, to find the way to save the Sanjay Lake. Anil Grover, the president of Residents Welfare Society of Mayur Vihar Prase 2 highlights the efforts of the residents of this area who are fighting to save the lake for the past five years. The condition of the lake first came into the noticed of the residents when the Medical Superintendent, Dr. Bhatia of the nearby Lal Badhur Hospital said that polluted lake of the breeding ground for the dengue causes mosquitoes. Then he approached the authorities who initiated the anti-dengue measures to the waterbody.  The people had written a letter to the former Chief Minister Sm. Sheila Dikshit about the degraded body.

Trash Disposal is a concern for our lakes.

How to create a positive work environment

To create a positive environment in the workplace, we can begin by targeting employees and teammates. When people become happy, accepted and encouraged they become motivated. Their work capacity increases if they know that they will be appreciated for their hard work.

Image result for environment images

  1. Engaging in meaningful dialogue – We can make good team members by having an open discussion. Ask your team members to talk about their goals, set achievable targets for them and allow them to achieve their intended work by encouragement. Help the team members to know each others point of view.
  2. Show your appreciation – The biggest complaint from employees is that they do not get appreciated well. If an employer appreciates their employee by saying a simple thank you or a nice job, it will make the employees feel good and then they know that they are doing well. This will improve their work.
  3. Listen to everyone’s ideas – Your teammate can give you good ideas. While listening to your team members you get to experience their perspective. Get focused on the issues at hand. Involving your team members gets them invested in your work. Building a good team is very important.
  4. Trust in team members – Your team member is responsible adults and should not be treated like children. You should trust them and give them a free hand, this will improve their output.
  5. Be spontaneous and have a little fun – Everyone wants to have fun while working. One should enjoy what he is doing. A person should focus on his career but at the same time should like his work only then will his output improves. If teammates share their opinions, they will be connected and gain knowledge from another experience.

Hence, for a positive work on the environment, all the team members should be comfortable working with each other in a relaxing atmosphere, so as to give their best performance and this will be beneficial for the whole team and the company they are working for.


Hi, this is Amrit Atal reporting for Sciencesummit daily. We are writing this as an update on health-related topics. Here are keys things you should know about Autism in your child

Image result for autism and motor skills

  1. Eye Contact – The best way to know your child is to see if he makes eye contact. For children with Autism, eye contact can be rare. Kids with spectrum feel tremendous social anxiety or stress in establishing eye contact.
  2. Communication – Children with Autism not able to communicate by using speech and language. They have a lack of speaking skills.
  3. Repetitive Behaviour – In Repetitive behavior children with Autism perform physical actions like hand flapping, rocking and clapping.  In a few cases,  violent children bang their heads and lie down on the floor.
  4. Social Interaction – Children are not making social interaction with others. They find it difficult to establish relations with other children.
  5. Cognitive Function – In cognitive function children with autism cannot explain their feelings either fully or partially.

If a case of autism is detected, parents should take children for counseling, occupational therapy, and sensory integration, and they should train their children. Counselors will teach these children how to fight these problems in real life.

Matter and Information

Embedded in this universe are laws which govern it. Newton and the classical physics based its presumptions of future on sets of information which existed in the past. The practical and experimental evidences proved this idea, were based on inaccurate and lack of deterministic measurement as support. Newton’s physics helped us send satellite around the earth, explain motion of solar systems, fall and rise of tides. In scientific community, judgment is based of experimental measures and axioms which exist. Information creates a belief, which is the truth and way of universe. With new set of measurement, new laws are written. So does the truth.

In cybernetics, information exchange is controlled by communication and control. If I have to control, I will have to create a logical protocol of codes which are in form of stimulus. This is called as message. A message is coded information, structured in set of rules such that any human or machine can decrypt it with shared set of knowledge. If I have to increase the efficiency of my information exchange, I will have generate a command and control the environment (medium of information). Every message has tendency to loose the information which it carries, in transit. This is the fundamental entropy, which is measure of randomness in system in form of noise. Information if opposite to entropy. It is a measure of organization which exist in the system.

Minimization Of Light – Light is a major source of information. Fermat concluded that for short distances, light travel through shortest path between 2 point.

Huygen’s Principle – It states that wave of light (waves?) is consist of secondary waves. **Not exact definition**

Leibnitz monad – System can be commanded to work in predetermined manner with other system.

If I replace the above word : light and system with information, I can conclude that Information tend to travel through shortest path between 2 point or information consist of secondary information.

I also wonder if time is also a set of information. Or it creates information?

Leibniz Computing Machine


Universe, God, Dance, Everything

The music is on, your feet tap in sync to the tune. You move, react, resonate with vibrations that plunge in your ear canal. What is this reaction? Is it act of balancing one action with another? Dance is an action, for spirituality it is creation, for the universe, it is the law of existence. Universe always dances, for sake of the equilibrium and to calibrate the entropy.

Universe at time of its birth was blog of gases. It was formless, fluid and homogeneous. Fundamental forces and energies shaped the universe into clumps of masses. Here we see the order from chaos as the child slowly matures, with new arrangements, perspectives and varieties. It was transition from nebulae to galaxies which signifies rules, order, arrangements and civilization. All this drama progresses with each step taken by the dancer, for dance is the celestial art of creation.

Shiva is the master of this art. He is a Hindu god of creation and destruction of universe. He is the cosmic dancer, and each of his steps will determine the fate of you and me and everything that exist. I ponder over this fact that why did Hindus related actions at cosmic scale to movements of dance. And why did they choose Shiva to act the bridge which knit the opening to conclusion, narrating a story, whose sentences act like a step of dance?

“I would believe only in a God that knows how to dance.”  Friedrich Nietzsche

Some of the 108 Karanas of Nataraja at Kadavul Hindu Temple, on Kauai, Hawaii. (wikipedia.com)

Physicality of Nothing

A vessel cannot remain empty, women’s womb cannot remain empty, land which can flower cannot remain empty and time at hand cannot remain empty. We pray for ourselves. We wish for betterment. Wishes should be fulfilled or man will struggle to make it true. There are men who believe in worldly actions. They have sole purpose of filling up the vessel. The men beyond the boundaries of acceptable actions are ascetic, or sadhu (maybe from sadha meaning plain/ tasteless). He is a person who is in process of renunciation, trying to empty his physical being.

Western philosophers had always associated emptiness with negative depiction of god, mostly reinforced by christian theology of creating as means to fill the nothing with things and nowhere as a space.

As Heidegger said

The fact that what is threatening is nowhere characterizes what Angst is about. Angst ―does not know‖ what it is about which it is anxious. But ―nowhere does not mean nothing; rather, region in general lies therein, and disclosedness of the world in general for essentially spatial being-in. Therefore, what is threatening cannot approach from a definite direction within nearness, it is already ―there – and yet nowhere. It is so near that it is oppressive and stifles one‘s breath – and yet it is nowhere. In what Angst is about, the ―it is nothing and nowhere‖ becomes manifest (Heidegger 1963, 186; Stambaugh 1996, 174-5).  

I ask you something, can nothingness be a reality or is it just experience. If it is nothing, can it be felt.

Indian yogic philosophy orders the existence of universe into suksham (miniscule), stula (matter), shunya (nothing) and shiva (god). For yogi, it is the ladder to reach the god. For he had realised that universe is nothing larger as your fist. He will scrounge both inside and outside, to experience the nothingness. An means ‘not’and Anu means ‘atom’. And Rutherford found out centuries later, that most of the atom is in fact empty.



You the Star, Away from Heart

There are many theories about evolution and creating of universe. Universe is born, from hands of gods. It was lifted from depths of sea. It is will and it is the means. And many assume that universe is nothing but a cosmic dance.
None have called out how it will end. It is beyond the comprehension of intellect, or analogous to rationality and reality. And science is still in chase of this being of the future. Yes, universe will end. But this end will not be a glorious one. It will end like an ancient thing of sorrow. It will dissolve into its own existence, still act as an boundless space in boundless void. Every matter is moving away from each other. You and I and this earth are moving in this ever expanding universe.

What does this imply to? Does this mean there will a time when we will never see the stars? In short the answer is No!
Expansion of the universe was always part of this celestial dance. Universe was expanding faster than the speed of light since its creation (or is creation a proper word for it?). Hubble sphere is the threshold distance within which the galaxies does not recede faster than speed of light. If a galaxy is beyond this sphere, it will recede faster then light could travel. So a photon of light will not be able reach us if it is emitted beyond the Hubble sphere.

But there is a twist. Expansion of universe is not a literal expansion, but a relative expansion of scale of the universe. So with increasing distance, the radius of Hubble sphere is also increasing. This also means that the observable universe is larger than hubble sphere. So we can see the light from distant galaxies, in fact we have detected frequencies from our embryonic universe. This is known as particle horizon and universe turns dark for us beyond this. I always saw something mysterious about the universe end. And does that end actually exist. Universe is infinite. So I hope it never ends for us. As for the big crunch, just wait and watch.

A Universe of Balance….Everything will be fine

It doesn’t matter how much you want to blame your luck, universe has everything for you. Now I want you to think about  consequences, in form of punishment and rewards and share them on the comments. Did that reward or punishment actually helped you?

There are instances where they may had worked or might had not. Think about the last time when you were lauded, did it improved your performance next time. Or did you improve when you were mortified by your failure.

Punishment And Reward

An Israeli fighter pilot when praised for his combat maneuver failed in the test the next time. And when he was reprimanded for his failed attempt, his scores actually improved next time he performed his maneuvers. Punishment have a drastic psychological effect on us. We suffer and realized that we must never to repeat a mistake. At the same time, it may also tend to demoralize and we question our inner talents. In the same way, rewards motivates us in some cases and in some other, it instills a fear for meeting the expectations, which we may not. So I think it works based on type of person we are or the thing that we do.

Regression Toward Mean

Louis is a gambler. He had placed 5$ on a coin that it will land on head when flipped. But when flipped, it was a tail and he lost. He played again hoping that next time it will be a head based on a 50% probability. He lost again and played again for the third and the fourth time. He lost everytime he placed his bet on heads. He thought that mathematics have gone bonkers.

Here is a sample space for this event: E={T,T,T,T}

Now what is the probability that next event will be head. Is it less than 50%, more than 50% or exactly 50% as was earlier. I have taken more than 1 case so that we can analyse it in terms of ‘change’. Louis thinks that the probability is less than 50% because there are no heads in the sample space. To his surprise, the probability is still 50% or more than 50%. This is because the regression towards the mean will bring the shift in overall probability of sample space to stabilize at 50%. This means as more and more tails turn up in the sample space, the probability of next head will increase. It may be possible that next 4 events will be heads so that overall probability will be 50%. Now problem lies that total number of events are infinite. We can go on and on recording the frequency distribution of heads and tails and sample space will continue to grow! The solution of the problem lies in the problem itself. If the mean is 50%, then the practical outcome can vary but it will get closer and closer towards the mean. It means, the greater the number of events, more accurately can we predict the mean.

In a pack of card, if our first draw is a queen, then the next card drawn will more likely be a card less than a queen.

Rewards and punishments play a little role in performance in the long run. In some case incentives work and in some they do not. So performance is mostly skill based. Next time you have a bad day, cheer up, regression towards mean will turn everything right.

Deduction And Argument in Philosophy

What is philosophy? Is it fundamental? Is it true and universal? Or does it mean seeking the truth.

When philosophy is not true- There are times when the actions we perform or questions we answer are without any platform to be based on. I believe that these actions are response to intuition or instincts which we are programmed by default.

When philosophy is true- Actions which we perform are based on questioning. We step back, overview and meticulous on our deeds. These responses are not permanent in the sense that we may respond differently to the same situation due to change in our philosophy.

A Paradox Of The Past

I put forward an argument…. That we do not have a free will.

Justification: We all have a past, even if we do not have memories of it. The past actually controls the present and the future. World itself have a history (is history same as past?), which we are part of. We cannot dictate or change how past was, and in turn the present and the future. Therefore we cannot control the world of how it is in present or future.

Hume and the right way of thinking

David Hume believed that this notion of Right way of thinking does not exists. Exist in the sense that we are never completely aware of the total number of events that are taking place in a sequence. All we observe is the initial and the final terms of the process.

In a game of pool, we believe that a ball hits another ball, and the second ball moves and hits the third and so on. But in the end, what we witness are the balls at various places. So we are not observing the cause and rather observing balls at various instances. So the observation which I will call as “the cause” is something which our mind interprets as an add on. Secondly, we do not observe self. Though we observe the feelings or thoughts that crosses our mind.

This is what he said …..‘The observation of human blindness and weakness is the result of all philosophy, and meets us at every turn, in spite of our endeavors to elude or avoid it.”

To be cont.






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